Civil Construction and Engineering

  Civil engineering is a concept that deals with the design, construction and maintenance of the physical and naturally built environment. The act of civil construction and engineering includes bridges, roads, canals, airports, dams and buildings. These are merely just a few examples of what civil construction and engineering is about.

Civil engineering is one of the oldest engineering disciplines after military engineering. It has been an aspect of life since the beginning of human existence Until modern times there was no clear distinction between civil engineering and architecture.

One of the main aspects of civil construction and engineering is structural engineering. With structural engineering a structure needs to be able to successfully support itself as well as being able to resist loads. It is the job of a structural engineer to ensure that the design and construction of aspects such as bridges, roads and airports etc are safe and successful for their function. Some of the design considerations that need to be kept in mind are the strength, stiffness and stability of the civil construction. All of these need to commit to safety checks so that the structure can hold itself. Other considerations that need to be kept in mind when it comes to the civil construction and engineering includes the cost, constructability, safety, aesthetics and sustainability of the proposed structure.

In the society that we live in today it is safe to say that society wouldn't work without civil construction and engineering. This is because the infrastructures that we use in our daily lives, the infrastructures that support our daily lives wouldn't be in existence if it wasn't for civil construction and engineering. We use aspects such as roads and harbours, railways and airports, hospitals, sports stadiums and schools, access to drinking water and shelter from the weather in our daily lives without a second thought to the construction and engineering that is behind them. We rely more than ever on building contractor teams and inventive people who design and build as well as maintain the sophisticated environment that surrounds our everyday life.

The job of a civil construction team/engineer is more than merely the building side of these infrastructures. They have many activities that they must do every day, including drafting, decision making, computer interaction, communication, documentation, creative thinking, organising, information collecting, estimating and analysing. It is the job of a construction engineer to draft and design structures and show others how to build them. A construction engineer has to analyse information and make the right decision to solve the problems.

If you are a business owner or the owner of property who wishes to expend and build civil structures such as a road to provide easier access or an extension is needed at an airport, it is essential that you enlist the help of a building contractor team who are highly skilled and experienced in undertaking all aspects of civil building and construction. The building contractor team should have structural engineers who are able to undertake the planning and safety aspects of the design to ensure that the finished product is up to standards

In the world of construction estimating software, many people think of construction estimating as being an automated tool that performs and calculates the quantities of material takeoff. Obviously, there are many software programs out there that help in that process. The truth of the matter is, the majority of estimating time is consumed in material takeoff. In any one estimate, an estimator spends approximately 90% of his or her time performing manual material quantity takeoff. While pricing of any estimate is important, still the majority of an estimators time spent is in the material takeoff phase.

Reinventing the wheel, manually re-running the same formulas job after job. That manual process is the major time-consuming problem along with accuracy problems in the bid process. It's so time-consuming, and why many companies have decided to avoid material quantity takeoff and substitute it with a turnkey number or quote or bid from a supplier, vendor, or subcontractor. That type of business decision could possibly make a contractor less competitive by doing so. Then there are those who takeoff important material parts like: Pipe, Concrete, Masonry, Carpentry, Drywall, Conduit, or Ductwork for example, but decide not to sweat the details of the associated parts. Likewise, there are those who takeoff all the major material parts along with associated parts as well.

Obviously, the more detail there is, the more accurate the estimate will be, and thus a more competitive bid. However, with all that said, in reality, what really separates bids in general is usually not the material takeoff quantities even though it consumes so much of the estimating time; but estimator's or contractor's perspective on labor and markups. The big question at this point is, how to speed up the whole process, and become so much more accurate and competitive? The answer is, with an automated construction estimating software program that takes away all the repetitive, mundane, and time-consuming manual work.

So now there must be another discussion about the way software programs are designed. All software developers could only design estimating software programs one way; which is NOT the way each individual estimator estimates, since no two estimators are alike. Software developers design construction estimating software programs as estimating is taught conventionally in construction schools and construction estimating trade reference manuals. All these references list materials and hourly labor with production on the individual material piece, as if the or all contractors were a self-performing contractors. Some contractors are self-performing labor, however, since they have been performing work in their specialty, they most probably have a different way of thinking about labor than the trade references do.

For those contractors who do not self perform much of the work, they are left out in the cold in all trade references. That's why so many people have deferred to manual computer spreadsheets, even though there are construction estimating software programs out there that are supposed to solve the manual estimating and accuracy problems. In most cases, manual computer spreadsheets are not the answer, but since there are no programs out there that think exactly the way each estimator does, there is no option but to use manual computer spreadsheets or just perform takeoff manually with pencil, paper, calculators and scale rulers. So construction estimating software programs have left a serious void in the estimating community, only because ESTIMATING is an ART, NOT a SCIENCE. That is not intentional, software companies are just trying to follow some single construction estimating process. As said earlier, there are many construction estimating processes. Estimators or contractors can only move forward effectively with technology and software by finding a solution that must be easily adaptable to the way they think and the way they estimate.

It's wrong for construction estimating software systems that try to change the very ways that made them successful in their area of expertise. Once an estimator or contractor determines which construction estimating process works best for them, then they will be very well equipped to decide which program is best suited for you to execute their estimating operational processes. So there really is no myth about construction estimating software, the reality is, when any computer program allows estimators to create data processes of how they think, then they are living the reality of true construction estimating software automation.

With new buildings coming up every now and then, DC has become a hot spot for offering construction jobs. Jobs in construction generates a lot of employment opportunities like the electrical professionals, the engineers, the cement masons, the menial labors, the plumber, painter, welders, the project managers, the heavy equipment operators etc. can be put to work and paid salaries according to the categories of work and previous experiences.

The major works available at DC are at Washington and DC Metro. An overall idea about DC construction jobs can be got from the following discussion- Jobs in construction entail hourly payments in general. Construction jobs in DC are majorly meant for very experienced workers for particular occupations. Workers of jobs in construction in DC get relatively higher per hour payment than in other states. Self- employed employees is the characteristic feature of construction jobs.

The civil engineers in Washington, DC need 5 years of experience. The electricians of DC construction works need high school diploma, 5 or more years of experience or training at an apprentice program for at least 4 years, quality work, transportation that can be relied on, personal electrical tools etc are required.

Dry wall Installers, Tapers and Ceiling Tile installers are not required to show any college degree as a hard and fast rule. Having a degree always add to the merit point but they generally learn as assistants to other experienced workers in the field and later take it up themselves when their amount of experience starts getting recognized.

Glaziers also learn their work through working with other experienced glaziers first and then move on to being independent when they have acquired proper proficiency. Hazardous Material Removal laborers, however, are required to have a high school degree. Government standards demand some specific kinds of training imbibed on the job.

Washington, DC has hundreds of construction company like- MSS Services Inc, MWH Americas Inc, Parksite Inc, Providus, Anchor Construction Corporation, habitat for humanity, Real Street, Pepco Holdings etc.

The Mergis group in DC Metro is also in DC. All the above mentioned professions are believed to have prospective work in the construction industry in DC since Washington is the Capital of America and important construction work is done their every now and then and are mostly of very high standards so the pay is bound to be very high.

A mechanical engineer in DC construction Jobs can earn up to $100K a year, starting from $ 50K. Along with the salary or wage the companies also offer bonuses and compensations. The higher post employees like the project manager, project superintendent etc are offer insurance facilities also.

Interior designers are often sought after the construction has been finished for furnishing the finished building or other constructions. They could bag a salary of $60K- $100K per annum. Works in Washington require highly experienced designers.

Construction works of high stature are available almost round the year but the construction workers may be in danger when the economy goes in to a dip and constructions are halted and new ones do not crop up.


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